PRINCIPAL ACTORS OF KHOJALI GENOCIDE

Ata ATUN

 

 

PRINCIPAL ACTORS OF KHOJALI GENOCIDE

 

Ata ATUN

Near East University & SAMTAY Foundation

Nicosia, North Cyprus

 

Introduction

 

On the night of February 25, 1992 Armenian and Soviet troops attacked the Azeri town of Khocali in the Khojali Rayon of Azerbaijan. The inhabitants of the town attempted to escape from the extermination and flee from the invasion. The invaders cut all escape routes for civilians in the city and the roads leading to nearby forestry and fields[1].

On this black and bloodiest date, the Azerbaijani-Armenian war in Daghlig Karabagh ended with a brutal massacre performed by ruthless Armenians. Total of 613 people were killed, 1,000 peaceful people of different ages became invalid, 106 women, 63 children, and 70 old men were killed, eight families were completely annihilated, 130 children lost one parent, while 25 lost both of them, 1275 peace residents were taken hostages and the fate of 150 of them is still unknown[2].

 

The fallen of Khocali may not number in the thousands, but the victims were as innocent as newborn babies, infants, children, girls and woman, elderly people with no arms or even not knowing in any way to use any kind of a weapon.

The documents and the information before and aftermath of this inhuman incident were enough to characterize it as “Genocide”[3].

 

In Khojali the world must know this crime is directed not only against the Azerbaijan nation, but also the whole civilized world and mankind.

The facts prove that the intentional extermination of the Azerbaijanis living in the Khojali town was directed at their mass extermination only because of their nationality. Khojali was chosen on purpose as a start point for further hostility, invasion and the ethnic cleansing of the Azerbaijani lands.

 

Over a million innocent Azerbaijani immigrants still live even after long years over the Khojali massacre, under harsh conditions where they could barely shed in luggage wagons, barns, tent stations, houses-in-built and other unhealthy places not fit to live humanly because of the ruthless Armenian assault on February 25-26, 1992 to the town of Khojali[4].

The crime should not remain without punishment. Armenian military-political aggression must be condemned by the world community. International organizations and parliaments of the world states must give a political-legal appraisal of the Khojali genocide, which is a bloody military crime and an offense against the right to live of civilian human beings, committed by the Armenian Republic in the Azerbaijan territories.

 

The Core of the Issue

 

Zori Balayan[5] is one of the founding fathers of the greater Armenia ideology. In 1996 he wrote a book about the “Revival of the Armenian Soul” and gave a blunt description of the Khocali massacre. Recounting how Armenian soldiers nailed an Azeri child to a window and watched him die.

It was indicated by the Armenian authorities that the Azerbaijani population living in Khocali were being destroyed just for being Turks. The speech, which revealed the hatred sentiments of the ones, who committed genocide at Khocali, was delivered by Serzh Sargsyan[6], at the time when he was the Prime Minister of Armenia and a candidate for the presidency.

When English journalist Thomas de Vaal[7] asked the reason of the Khocali genocide to Serzh Sargsyan, the Minister of Defense of Armenia of the related period, Sargsyan replied as following; “We do not wish to speak loud on this issue. Until Khocali, Azerbaijan never thought we would assault civilians, however, at Khocali we broke that cliché. Also, we should admit the fact that our attack units in Khocali were composed of the Armenians, who ran away from Baku and Sumgait.”

While police Chief Valeri Babayan[8] was saying: “The attack units in Khocali were composed of the Armenians, who ran away from Sumgait and other regions”, actually, he confirmed what Sargsyan had told.

The Armenians who left Azerbaijan felt hatred and were full of revenge sentiments towards Turkish origin Azerbaijanis and they found the chance to express these sentiments at Khocali [9]. The statement of Sargsyan is, in fact, the expression of a special “Revenge Brigade” that was formed with the Armenians, who had emigrated from Azerbaijan against the people of Khocali by the Armenians.

 

The Principal Actors of the Khojali Genocide

 

The “Principal Actors” of the Khocali Genocide are the Levon Ter-Petrosyan[10] and Serzh Sargsyan with no doubt.

 

Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected as the first President of Armenia on 16th of October 1991. He was graduated from the Oriental Studies Department of Yerevan State University in 1968. He completed his postgraduate studies at the Leningrad oriental Studies Institute. Ter-Petrosyan became well known in Armenian politics with his leadership of Karabakh Committee, which aimed to put Dagligh Karabakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) under the jurisdiction of Armenia. He was arrested together with other members of the Committee on 10th of December 1988.

In 1989, he was elected member of the Board of the Armenian National Movement[11] (ANM) and then he became the Chairman of the Board.

When Ter-Petrosyan became the President of the Republic of Armenia, the Dagligh Karabakh conflict was the major issue for Armenian foreign policy.

In the year 1988 an Azerbaijani population as much as 250,000 was expelled from Armenia and Armenia became a mono-ethnical state[12]. The Daghlig Karabakh events, which began in 1988 along with continuous efforts to implement the Armenian desire of building a state from sea to sea, led to the destruction of Azerbaijanis towns and villages, the murder of thousands of innocent Azerbaijani people, as well as the exile of hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijanis from their native lands[13] in the year 1992.

Ter-Petrosyan appointed Serzh Sargsyan as a Defense Minister in August 1993. Serzh Sargsyan was a member of parliament in Armenia and Karabakh at the time.

 

Serzh Sargsyan[14] was born on June 30, 1954 in Khankendi, Daghlig Karabakh (then the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast within Soviet Azerbaijan). He was admitted to Yerevan State University in 1971, served in the Soviet Armed Forces during 1971-72, and graduated from the Philological Department of Yerevan State University in 1979.

Sargsyan’s career began in 1975 at the Electrical Devices Factory in Yerevan, where he worked as a metal turner until 1979 when he became head of the Khankendi City Communist Party Youth Association Committee. Then served as second secretary, first secretary, the Khankendi City Committee Propaganda Division Head, the Daghlig-Karabakh Regional Committee Communist Organizations’ Unit Instructor, and finally as the assistant to Genrikh Poghosyan, the First Secretary of the Daghlig-Karabakh Regional Committee.

As tensions rose over Nagorno-Karabakh between Armenians and Azerbaijanis, Sargsyan became chairman of the Daghlig-Karabakh Republic Self-Defense Forces Committee and was subsequently elected to the Supreme Council of Armenia in 1990. He organized several battles in the Daghlig-Karabakh War and is considered to be one of the founders of Daghlig-Karabakh’s and Armenia's armed forces.

He became the Armenian defense minister in 1993, head of Armenian state security department in 1995 and minister of national security in 1996. In 1999, he became Robert Kocharyan’s “Chief of Staff”, then secretary of the national security council, defense minister, and prime minister in 2007. He won the February 2008 presidential election with the backing of the conservative Republican Party of Armenia, a party in which he serves as chairman, and took office in April 2008.

 

Serzh Sargsyan was the chair of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Self-Defense Forces Committee in 1992. During his era Armenian military forces committed genocides in the town of Khojali with a population of seven thousand people on February 26, 1992[15].

 

The team members of the Principal Actors

 

Armenian troops strengthened by 366th Mechanized Infantry Regiment of the Russian Army attacked the town Khojali on the night of February 25, 1992 and occupied the defenseless town in 36 hours committing one of the most heinous, ruthless and bloody crime in the human history[16].

The 2nd battalion of the 366th regiment under the command of Major Oganyan Seyran Mushegovich, now the Defence Minister of the illegal regime in Daghlig Karabakh, the 3rd battalion under the command of Yevgeniy Nabokhin, the staff chief of the 1st Battalion Chitchyan Valeriy and more than 50 officers and ensigns, serving in the regiment took part in the attack[17].

The officially recorded names[18] and ranks of the privates and officers of the 366th Regiment are as follows.

1.    Zarvigorov Yuri Yuriyevich, Colonel, Commander of the Regiment

2.    Chitchyan Valeriy Asaakovich, Lieutenant Colonel, The staff chief of 1st Battalion

3.    Atyriyan Vachagan Grigoryevich, Colonel

4.    Oganyan Seyran Mushegovich, Major

5.    Arutyunov Aleksander Aleksandrovich, Colonel, Second-in-command of 2nd Battalion

6.    Agopyan Nerses Grantovich, SeniorLieutenant, commander of the Troops of 1.st Bat.

7.    Arutyunyan Vladislav Vladimirovich, Captain

8.    Baylaryan Armen Volodiyevich, Technician, 1st Troop

9.    Ayrapetyan Vachik Gurgenovich, Sergeant, 3rd Troop

10.    Mirzoyan Vachik Grantovich, Sergeant, 3rd Troop

11.    Shikhanyan Andrew Artyushevich, Organization Commander of 1st Battalion

12.    Khachaturyan, Senior Sergeant, 6th Troop

13.    Abramyan V. V., Senior Technician, 2nd Troop

14.    Baylaryan Sergei Yurikovich, Commander of Troop, 2nd Battalion

15.    Danilyan armen Barinovich, Senior Sergeant, 7th Troop

16.    Avanesyan, Senior technician, 2nd Troop

17.    Zacharian, Commander, Anti-aircraft Troop

18.    Baghdasaryan Valeri, Senior Sergeant, Tank Troop

19.    Kisabayyan Grigoriy Akopovich, Commander of Communications Troop

20.    Arustamyan, Senior technician, Communications Troop

21.    Amelyan Garik, Chief Cook, Refectory

22.    Avenesyan Robik, Chief of Provisions Store

23.    Arutyunyan Kamo Rafaelovich, Commander, Mechanical Service Squad

24.    Musa Elyan, Commander, Mechanical Service Squad

25.    Sarkisian Alexander, Senior Technician, Mechanical Service Squad

26.    Osipov Yuri, Chief of Store, Rockets and Artillery Depot

27.    Simonyan Valeri, Senior Sergeant, Provisions Supply Squad

28.    Petrosyan Ashod, Chief of Secret Service

29.    Nabokikh Yevgeniy, Colonel,  Commander of 3rd Battalion (Wife Armenian)

30.    Likhodey Igor Ivanovich, Commander of Artillery

31.    Miroshnichenko Igor, Senior Lieutenant, Commander of Provisions Troop

32.    Smagin, Lieutenant, Commander of Tank Troop

33.    Kuznetsov Andrew, Lieutenant, Commander of Chemical Defense Troop

34.    Garmash Victor, Senior Lieutenant, Commander of Tank Troop

35.    Belyazin, Lieutenant, Commander of Tank Troop

36.    Mirmehdiyev, Senior Lieutenant, Commander of 3rd Troop

37.    Fotimski, Captain, Commander of 3rd Troop, 2nd Battalion 

38.    Bugayenko, Lieutenant, Commander of 4th Troop, 2nd Battalion

39.    Potapov, Captain, Commander of 4th Troop, 2nd Battalion

40.    Krut, Captain, Commander of 6th Troop, 2nd Battalion

41.    Savintsev, Captain, Commander of 5th Troop, 2nd Battalion

42.    Dobranski, Captain, Intelligence Commander of 4th Troop, 2nd Battalion

43.    Bobolev, Captain, Base Commander of 2nd Troop

44.    Minin, Captain, Second-in-Command, 2nd Troop

45.    Tevosyan, Lieutenant, Commander of 5th Troop, 2nd Battalion

46.    Bogachev, Senior Lieutenant, Officer of 3rd Battalion

47.    Kurchatov, Senior Lieutenant, Officer of 3rd Battalion

48.    Maftullin, Senior Lieutenant, Officer of 3rd Battalion

49.    Kuzmanovich, Senior Lieutenant, Officer of 3rd Battalion

50.    Ivanov, Captain, Officer of 3rd Battalion

51.    Matveyev,  Captain, Commander of Artillery, 3rd Battalion

 

Among the aggressors were the Ex-Police Chief of town of Khankendi Armo Abramyan, Ex-Police Chief of town of Askeran Mavrik Gukasyan, Ex-Vice Police Chief of town of Askeran Shagen Barsegyan and Ex Principal of town of Henkhendi Prison Serjik Kocharyan.

 

Conclusion

 

The crime should not remain without punishment. Armenian military-political aggression must be condemned by the world community. All of the above mentioned people and also those who gave directions to commit genocide must be held responsible and taken into court for a trial.

 

 

 

 

 

References



[1] Turkish Centre for International Relations & Strategic Analysis, Genocides against Turks and Hocali Genocide, http://www.turksam.org/en/a227.html , March 27, 2011

[2] Kavkaz Center, Armenian massacre of Azerbaijanis, http://www.kavkazcenter.com/eng/content/2006/02/27/4468.shtml , March 27, 2011

[3] UN General Assembly, Resolution 260 (III) Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/3/ares3.htm , March 20, 2011

[4] TurkishNY, Tarihin siyah gecesi,

http://www.turkishny.com/hot-news1/50-hot-news/47989-tarihin-siyah-gecesi , March 27, 2011

[5] WikipediA The Free Encyclopedia, Zori Balayan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zori_Balayan , March 27, 2011

[6] WikipediA The Free Encyclopedia, Serzh Sargsyan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serzh_Sargsyan , March 27, 2011

[7] WikipediA The Free Encyclopedia, Thomas de Waal, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_de_Waal , March 27, 2011

[8] News.Com.Tr, Soykırımın Nedenleri, http://www.1news.com.tr/yazarlar/20110225031327055.html , March 27, 2011

[9] Tatul Hakobyan, "Khojaly: The Moment of Truth", 5 Mart 2007,

http://www.hetq.am/eng/karabakh/594/ (13 Subat 2008), March 27, 2011

[10]   WikipediA The Free Encyclopedia, Levon Ter-Petrosyan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levon_Ter-Petrossian , March 27, 2011

[11]   WikipediA The Free Encyclopedia, Armenian National Movemenet,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_national_movement , Marc h 27, 2011

[12]   A. Baguirov, Nagorno-Karabakh: basis and reality of Soviet-era legal and economic claims used to justify the Armenia-Azerbaijan war, Page 4, http://vugar-seidov.azeris.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Adil-Baguirov-CRIA.pdf , March 20, 2011

[13]   Armed conflict vents Data, Armenian_azerbaijani Conflict 1988-1994,

http://www.onwar.com/aced/chrono/c1900s/yr85/farmaze1988.htm , March 20, 2011

[14]   Role-Profile Conflict-Simulation-Seminar-Caucaus-2009, Serzh Sargsyan,

http://www.crisp-berlin.org/media/caucasus/SIM_RoleProfile_Sargsyan_Yana.pdf , March 27, 2011

[15]   The Official Site of the President of the Republic of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan the President of Armenia, http://www.president.am/president/biography/eng/ , March 20, 2011

[16]   Armenian Genocide Resource Center, 2401) A Confession on Hocali Massacre,

      http://armenians-1915.blogspot.com/2008/03/2401-confession-on-hocali-massacre.html , March 20, 2011

[17]   From the investigation materials concerning Khojaly occupation.

[18]   Sariyya Muslum, Khojaly Is Not Dead, Çaşoğlu Yayınevi, Baku, 2007, P.14